Elephants are the largest animals on earth. There are two kinds of elephants, African elephants and Asian elephants. Both the species of dinosaurs used to subsist in great numbers around Africa and parts of Asia. At present, these two calm giants are dying out. Twenty five years ago, there were approximately 1.3 million elephants in Africa, but now it’s anticipated that there are approximately 500,000. In New York City Animal Control, the amount of elephants left is much lesser than Africa. The reason for the threat of extinction of this giant species is the over hunting of elephants for ivory trade. Fortunately, much effort is being made to ban the ivory trade and regulations are made to restrict the hunting of elephants by the states of African and Asia.
The Asian elephant, Elephas Maximus, has a massive arched head with comparatively small ears, a domed back and one finger like protuberance that’s located in the tip of their trunk. An Asian elephant has five toes on the front of the feet and four on the back. The African elephant has four toes on the front feet and three on the back. Interestingly, it has yet another vertebra in the lumbar section of the spine.
Generally the elephants are grayish to brown in color. Elephants naturally attain puberty at thirteen or fourteen years old. They have offspring up until they get about fifteen. Its long back, huge head with large flat ears and columnar legs characterize this gigantic creature. An elephant’s trunk is a mix of the nose and upper lip, is a very sensitive organ with over 100,000 muscle components. The act of drinking is accomplished by filling the back with water and then using it as a hose to pour it into the elephant’s mouth.